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PassengerTransportHubs (application profile)

This document describes an application profile, in this case PassengerTransportHubs (application profile). The application profile specifies a semantic data model covering a set of use cases. The specification consists of terms with their constraints (cardinalities, codelists, usage guidelines).

Summary

The application profile OSLO-PassengerTransportHubs demonstrates how terms from the related vocabulary should be used to exchange data on Transport Hubs for passengers.

Due to the variety of transport offers and the corresponding transfer possibilities, transport hubs, where travelers can switch between transport modes, play an important role in achieving basic accessibility.

The model consists of two parts. The first part provides a general definition of a Transport Hub and describes its components, with particular attention to passenger transport. The second part focuses on the Traveler using Transport Hubs for his Journey or Route.

Below we focus on part one, for more info on part two we refer to the application profile OSLO Mobility: Trips and Offerings.

Transport Hubs consist of 1) Infrastructure Elements, 2) Transport Networks, 3) Mobility Services, and 4) Additional Services.

The class TransportHub is further specialized to Hoppinppoint, which is the Flemish version of a Transport Hub.

InfrastructureElements represent the physical aspect of a Transport Hub, it concerns objects such as Information columns (like the Hoppin column), Stopplaces, Parkings, Bicycle racks, Chargers etc. All of which are necessary for the available Transport networks and the services offered at the Transport Hubs. The Infrastructure Elements and their specializations are discribed in the vocabularies OSLO Public Domain - InfrastructureElements, OSLO Mobility - Timetables and Planning - Stopplaces and out of Open Mobility Vocabulary.

The Transport Networks available at a Transport Hub are accessible via Transport Objects such as Transport Nodes (stops, stations... ) and Transport Connections between those nodes. Also Virtual Nodes (points located on a link between two Transport Nodes, e.g. the position of an unused shared step within a city or at the address of a Traveler) may be used. The class Transport Object and its subclasses are reused from the vocabulary of OSLO Transportnetwork.

Mobility Services are available for consumption at the Transport Hub via the Infrastructure Elements and Transport Objects that are present. These can be scheduled services or shared steps, but just as well parking spaces or bicycle pumps. A Mobility Service can include other Mobility Services to describe services at different granularity levels (at a high level, the service "shared mobility in Flanders" and at a lower level, the services "shared cars in Antwerp" and "shared bikes in Ghent"). The Mobility Service and related classes come from the vocabulary OSLO-Mobility: Trips and Offerings. A class ResourceReport was added to report e.g. on the number of shared bikes available at a certain location (e.g. a bike sharing dock).

Also at a Transport Hub, we also usually find all kinds of Additional Services, including services that save the Traveler additional trips such as mailboxes, bakeries, newpaper stores, etc.

Enumerations are basically described outside the application profile, hence the enumeration values shown in the diagram are illustrative.

Status of this document

This application profile has the status of https://data.vlaanderen.be/id/concept/StandaardStatus/KandidaatStandaard published on 2022-07-11.

Information about the process and the decisions involved in the creation of this specification are consultable at the registry of standards.

License

This specification of Digitaal Vlaanderen is published under "Model license Free Reuse - v1.0".

Conformance

An implementation is conformant with this application profile if it satisfies these rules.

Entities

AdditionalService

Description
Service that complements or supports other Services.
Usage
E.g. Newspaper shop, Postal service or Restaurant in a Station. Services that are supplemented or supported by this are e.g. Mobility Services.
Subclass of
Service
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: accessibility, availability, availableAtInfrastructureElement, availableOnTransportObject, provider, title, transportHub, type.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
accessibility Accessibility 0..* Accessibility of the additional service. E.g. whether the Mobility Service is accessible to persons with disabilities.
availability Provider 0..* Availability of the additional service. E.g. timetable or opening hours.
availableAtInfrastructureElement InfrastructureElement 0..* Infrastructure element on which the additional service is offered.
availableOnTransportObject TransportObject 0..* Transport object on which the additional service is offered.
provider Provider 1 The provider of the additional service.
title LanguageString 1 Name of the additional service.
transportHub TransportHub 0..* The Passenger Transport Hub at which the additional service is offered.
type AdditionalServiceType 1..* Nature of the additional service. E.g. ticketing, waiting facilities, sanitary facilities, AED...

Agent

Description
Someone or something who can act or produce an effect.
Properties
No properties have been defined for this entity.

AutomatedParkingGarage

Description
Parking garage with an automated parking system that automatically parks vehicles in an available space.
Subclass of
ParkingFacility
Properties
No properties have been defined for this entity.

BicycleParking

Description
A bicycle parking facility is the aggregate of poles and/or anchorage points of a structure intended for securing bicycles, located in the public domain.
Usage
To GRB skeleton addition detail - WPI16: Bicycle storage. With the attribute covered as True: GRB base - WGA3: Covered bicycle shed.
Subclass of
InfrastructureElement, BicycleParkingStation
Properties
No properties have been defined for this entity.

BicycleParkingStation

Description
Building or structure used for parking bicycles.
Subclass of
ParkingFacility
Properties
No properties have been defined for this entity.

BusShelter

Description
As a rule, a bus shelter provides accommodation for public transport passengers.
Usage
To GRB base - WGA1: Bus shelter
Subclass of
InfrastructureElement
Properties
No properties have been defined for this entity.

Charger

Description
An object that provides electrical energy for charging electric vehicles.
Subclass of
InfrastructureElement, CivicStructure
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: meansOfTransport, plug, plugType.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
meansOfTransport MeansOfTransport 0..* Means of transport that is electrically powered.
plug Plug 1..* Part of the charger used to form the connection with the electric vehicles.
plugType PlugType 0..* The type of charger.

CivicStructure

Description
A civic structure, such as a town hall or a concert hall
Usage
A full description can be found in schema.org
Properties
No properties have been defined for this entity.

DataExchangeInfrastructure

Description
Physical facilities aimed at exchanging data.
Usage
E.g. servers, cables, modems.
Subclass of
InfrastructureElement
Properties
No properties have been defined for this entity.

Element

Description
Separately identifiable element that is either directly or indirectly attached to the surface of the earth.
Usage
A full description can be found in OSLO Public Domain
Properties
No properties have been defined for this entity.

Executor

Description
Agent performing mobility service.
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: contactInformation, preferredLabel, registration.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
contactInformation ContactInformation 0..* Information such as e-mail, telephone... which allows the executor to be contacted.
preferredLabel LanguageString 1 Name by which the performer is preferably identified.
registration Identifier 1 The registration of the executor. In the CBE, this is the enterprise number.

FormalFramework

Description
Set of formal documents describing rules, rights, obligations towards citizens, authorities, companies, etc.
Usage
The documents in question are laws, policies, regulations, contracts, etc.
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: description, territorialApplication, title.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
description LanguageString 0..1 Description of the formal framework.
territorialApplication Location 0..* The geographical scope of the formal framework. In other words, whether it is European, national or local.
title LanguageString 1 Name of the formal framework.

HoppinColumn

Description
Information column of a Hoppinpoint.
Usage
Intended to indicate that a Transport hub is a Hoppin point and/or to inform about the transport possibilities offered there. More info can be found in the implementation model: https://wegenenverkeer.data.vlaanderen.be/doc/implementatiemodel/hoppinpunten/
Subclass of
InformationColumn
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: columnName, columnNumber, displayedTransportationModeOnMap.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
columnName String 1 Name of the hoppinpoint that refers to a clear and recognisable place name.
columnNumber String 1 Unique identification number given to each column and included in the Passenger Transport Hub database.
displayedTransportationModeOnMap TransportModeOnMap 0..* The different modes of transport available are shown on the corresponding map.

Hoppinpoint

Description
Transport hub of the mobility brand Hoppin.
Usage
Hoppin is the name under which the Flemish government indicates transport hubs for passenger transport that meet fixed (quality) requirements. Important aspects are recognisability (application of the Hoppin house style), accessibility (for all users irrespective of disability, age, etc.), minimum equipment (e.g. bicycle sheds, information supports, etc.), alignment with mobility plans, etc.
Subclass of
RegisteredTransportHub
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: classification, status.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
classification HoppinpointType 0..1 The classification of the Hoppinpoint
status HoppinpointStatus 0..1 The status of the Hoppinpoint

InformationCarrier

Description
Panel or board or similar infrastructure on which information is displayed.
Usage
Intended as a means of communication, usually used in public spaces to inform passers-by. Both static carriers such as information boards with a city map and dynamic systems with e.g. public transport departure times are possible.
Subclass of
InfrastructureElement
Properties
No properties have been defined for this entity.

InformationColumn

Description
( Pole-mounted and permanently anchored) signs along the public highway with all kinds of announcements, commercial or otherwise, to be posted on them.
Usage
Mainly for the purpose of disseminating information (street plan, info board municipality ...).
Subclass of
InformationCarrier, StreetFurniture
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: type.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
type InformationColumnType 0..1 Type of information column

InfrastructureElement

Description
Individual object on the Public Domain that is not vegetative.
Subclass of
Element
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: accessibility, geometry, identifier, type, validityPeriod.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
accessibility Accessibility 0..* The overall accessibility characteristics of the infrastructure element.
geometry Geometry 1 The geometry corresponding to the infrastructure element.
identifier Identifier 1 The identifier of the infrastructure element.
type InfrastructureElementType 0..* The type of infrastructure element.
validityPeriod Period 1 The period during which the current version of the infrastructure element is in use.

License

Description
Formal authorisation to offer a Mobility Service.
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: period, territorialApplication, transportAuthority.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
period Period 1 Period for which the Licence is valid.
territorialApplication Location 1..* Area or Place in which the Licence is valid.
transportAuthority PublicOrganisation 1 Public organisation responsible for traffic management or the planning, control or management of a particular transport network or mode of transport, or both, that falls under its territorial competence.

Location

Description
A spatial area or named place.
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: geometry, placeName.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
geometry Geometry 0..1 Geometry of the place or area.
placeName GeographicalName 0..1 Name of the town or area.

MobilityService

Description
Service that enables movement of Persons between Locations.
Usage
This includes classical mobility services such as public transport (typically offered as a scheduled service, e.g. Metro Line 5 in Brussels), but also partial transport such as free-floating partial steps (e.g. partial steps in large cities).
Subclass of
Service
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: accessibility, availability, availableAt, availableAtInfrastructureElement, includes, license, meansOfTransport, offeredWithin, performedBy, priceSpecification, propulsion, provider, resource, spatialCoverage, title, transportHub, type.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
accessibility Accessibility 0..* Accessibility of the Mobility Service. E.g. whether the Mobility Service is accessible to persons with disabilities.
availability Availability 0..* Availability of the Mobility Service. E.g. timetable or opening hours.
availableAt TransportObject 0..* Transport object on which the Mobility Service is offered. E.g. P+R is offered in station parking, shared bicycle + train in combination point.
availableAtInfrastructureElement InfrastructureElement 0..* Infrastructure element on which the Mobility Service is available E.g. public transport such as buses are offered at a bus stop.
includes MobilityService 0..* More specific Mobility Services that make up the Mobility Service. For example, public transport in Brussels offered by STIB consists of a number of metro lines, e.g. line 5 Erasmus-Herman-Debroux, or a MAAS provider integrates several services, e.g. public transport and shared transport.
license License 0..* License under which the Mobility Service is offered.
meansOfTransport MeansOfTransport 0..* Means of transport by which or for which the Mobility Service is usually organised. E.g. metro, tram, bus for STIB. E.g. car, bicycle for parking Coovi.
offeredWithin FormalFramework 0..* Formal Framework within which the Mobility Service is offered. E.g. Decree listing the criteria for authorising a Mobility Service.
performedBy Executor 1..* Executor of the Mobility Service. May differ from the Provider.
priceSpecification PriceSpecification 0..* Price plan of the Mobility Service.
propulsion PropulsionType 0..* Propulsion of the means of transport with or for which the Mobility Service is usually organised. Link
provider Provider 1 The Mobility Service provider.
resource Resource 0..* Resource available to the Mobility Service.
spatialCoverage Location 0..* Area or Place within which the Mobility Service is offered. E.g. Brussels Region, Antwerp...
title LanguageString 1 Name of the Mobility Service.
transportHub TransportHub 0..* The transport hub to which the Mobility Service is linked.
type MobilityServiceType 1..* Nature of the Mobility Service. E.g. public transport, parking etc. Combinations are possible, e.g. collective transport & public transport (e.g. SNCB), individual transport & private transport (taxis)…

Network

Description
Collection of Network elements.
Usage
The reason why the Network elements are brought together in a Network can differ, e.g. because they are suitable for a certain type of transport. A full description can be found in OSLO Network.
Properties
No properties have been defined for this entity.

NetworkElement

Description
Element in a Network that performs a function of importance within it.
Usage
A full description can be found in OSLO Network.
Properties
No properties have been defined for this entity.

Node

Description
Significant position in the Network that always coincides with the beginning or the end of a Link.
Usage
A full description can be found in OSLO Network.
Properties
No properties have been defined for this entity.

ParkingFacility

Description
A facility used for parking vehicles.
Subclass of
InfrastructureElement, CivicStructure
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: capacity, entrance, exit, feature, openingHours, parkingSpace.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
capacity Capacity 0..* The capacity of the parking facility.
entrance Entrance 0..* The entrance of the parking facility.
exit Exit 0..* The exit of the parking facility.
feature ParkingFacilityFeatureType 1 The features of the parking facility. E.g. kiss-and-ride zone, loading and unloading zone
openingHours TypedString 0..1 The opening hours of the parking facility.
parkingSpace ParkingSpace 0..* The parking space of the parking facility.

ParkingGarage

Description
A building intended for parking vehicles.
Subclass of
ParkingFacility
Properties
No properties have been defined for this entity.

ParkingLot

Description
A parking area located in the open air.
Subclass of
ParkingFacility
Properties
No properties have been defined for this entity.

ParkingSpace

Description
A place provided for parking one vehicle.
Subclass of
Resource
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: feature.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
feature ParkingSpaceFeatureType 0..* The features of the car park E.g. parking for people with disabilities

PriceSpecification

Description
Price of the Trips that can be made with the Mobility Service.
Usage
Allows to find out how much a specific Journey will cost, taking into account e.g. the distance travelled or how long the Mobility Service is used. Including any discounts for target groups e.g. discount for children under 12 years.
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: description, title.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
description LanguageString 0..1 Description of the Price specification.
title LanguageString 1 Name of the Price specfication

Provider

Description
Registered Organisation providing Mobility Services.
Usage
By a registered organisation, we mean an organisation with a legal status (established through registration), e.g. LC, NPO...
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: contactInformation, preferredLabel, registration.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
contactInformation ContactInformation 0..* Information such as email, telephone... which allows the Organisation to be contacted.
preferredLabel LanguageString 1 Name preferred by the Organisation.
registration Identifier 1 Identifier obtained by the organisation upon registration. In the CBE, this is the enterprise number.

PublicOrganisation

Description
An organisation that, according to a legal framework, belongs to the public sector, regardless of the level of government at which that framework applies.
Usage
The public and semi-public organisations that may be considered as belonging to the public sector are referred to in European Directive 2003/98/EC as "public sector bodies" and defined as: "the State, regional or local authorities, bodies governed by public law, associations formed by one or several of such authorities or one or several of such bodies governed by public law". And a body governed by public law is defined as "any body (a) established for the specific purpose of meeting needs in the general interest, not having an industrial or commercial character, and (b) having legal personality, and (c) financed, for the most part, by the State, or regional or local authorities, or other bodies governed by public law; or subject to management supervision by those bodies; or having an administrative, managerial or supervisory board, more than half of whose members are appointed by the State, regional or local authorities or by other bodies governed by public law".
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: spatialCoverage.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
spatialCoverage Location 0..* Administrative area covering the Public Organisation.

Quay

Description
A place such as a platform, bus stop, stand or train platform where passengers can access public transport vehicles, taxis, cars or other means of transport.
Subclass of
InfrastructureElement
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: publicCode, quay, stopPlace.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
publicCode String 0..1 Use to identify the platform to the public.
quay Quay 0..1 The platform belonging to the stop
stopPlace StopPlace 1 The stopping point as a larger entity to which the platform belongs.

RegisteredTransportHub

Description
Passenger Transport Hub recognised as such.
Usage
This recognition implies that a Registered Transport Hub is formally designated as a Transport Hub. Typically, this is done by the government to give the hub an official character (recognisable for the user, meets imposed quality requirements...).
Subclass of
TransportHub
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: registration, specification.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
registration Identifier 1 The registration of the registered Passenger Transport Hub.
specification Document 0..1 The specification of the registered Passenger Transport Hub.

Resource

Description
Means that the Mobility Service can offer to the Traveller to make the trip.
Usage
E.g. a seat on a train, a shared bicycle at a station, a parking space in a car park.
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: identifier, location, meansOfTransport, propulsion, status, type.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
identifier TypedString 0..1 Identifier of the Resource. E.g. number plate of the hire car, number of the seat...
location Location 0..1 Location of the Resource. This could be the real-time location of the vehicle, e.g. in free-floating part transport.
meansOfTransport MeansOfTransport 0..* The type of means of transport of the Resource. Especially relevant if the resource is a vehicle.
propulsion PropulsionType 0..* Engine of the means of transport. Link
status ResourceStatus 0..1 State of a Resource. E.g. reserved, inactive, available. Determines whether a resource can be used. Link
type ResourceType 1 Nature of the Resource.

ResourceReport

Description
Report of how many Resources with similar characteristics of availability, type, service, location etc are present at a certain point in time.
Usage
E.g. The number of available bikes in a particular train station.
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: location, meansOfTransport, number, propulsion, reportTime, service, status, type.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
location Location 0..* Location of the Resource. This could be the real-time location of the vehicle, e.g. in free-floating part transport.
meansOfTransport MeansOfTransport 0..* The type of means of transport of the Resource. Especially relevant if the resource is a vehicle.
number Integer 1 The number of resources
propulsion PropulsionType 0..* Engine of the means of transport. Link
reportTime DateTime 1 Point in time for which the report is valid.
service MobilityService 0..* The MobilityService used within the ResourceReport
status ResourceStatus 0..* State of a Resource. E.g. reserved, inactive, available. Determines whether a resource can be used. Link
type ResourceType 0..* Nature of the Resource.

Route

Description
Possible, chosen or travelled route between two Locations (respectively the departure point and the arrival point).
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: arrivalPoint, arrivalTime, calculatedWith, consistsOf, costPrice, departurePoint, departureTime, routedescription, travelTime, type.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
arrivalPoint Location 1 Location where the Route ends.
arrivalTime DateTime 1 Time at which the Route ends.
calculatedWith RoutePlanner 0..1 Method of calculating the route.
consistsOf RouteSegment 1..* Sequence of Route Segments that make up the Route.
costPrice MonetaryAmount 0..1 Cost price of the route. E.g. the sum of the cost of the purchased Tickets.
departurePoint Location 1 Location where the Route starts.
departureTime DateTime 1 Time when the Route starts.
routedescription RouteDescription 0..1 Description of the Route. Inferred from other features of the Route, e.g. the route segments that make up the Route and their characteristics.
travelTime Duration 1 Time in which the Route is traveled. Inferred from other features of the Route, e.g. the route segments that make up the Route and their characteristics.
type RouteType 1 Nature of the Route E.g. shortest, fastest

RouteNode

Description
Significant position in the Route that always coincides with the beginning or the end of a Route segment.
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: geometry, realisedBy, realisedWith, transfer, type.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
geometry Point 1 Location of the Route node.
realisedBy MobilityService 0..1 Mobility service used by the Traveller in the Route node. E.g. parking.
realisedWith Resource 0..1 Resource of the Mobility Service that the traveller has used in the Route node. E.g. parking space.
transfer RouteNode 0..1 Route node to which it will be switched.
type TransportNodeType 0..1 Nature of the Route node

RoutePlanner

Description
Software that can calculate the Route of a Trip.
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: title.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
title String 1 Name of the Route planner

RouteSegment

Description
Part of a Route that is travelled without a transfer using the same means of transport.
Subclass of
Route
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: arrivalNode, departureNode, link, meansOfTransport, propulsion, realisedBy, realisedWith.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
arrivalNode RouteNode 1 Node where the route segment ends.
departureNode RouteNode 1 Node where the Route Segment starts.
meansOfTransport MeansOfTransport 1 Type of means of transport the route segment was covered with.
propulsion PropulsionType 0..1 Propulsion of the means of transport by which the route segment was covered. Link
realisedBy MobilityService 0..1 Mobility Service which the Traveller has used in travelling the Route Segment.
realisedWith Resource 0..1 Resource of the Mobility Service used by the Traveller when travelling the Route Segment.

Service

Description
A system that provides one or more functions.
Usage
A full description can be found in OSLO Service
Properties
No properties have been defined for this entity.

Site

Description
An abstract type describing a place
Usage
A full description can be found in OSLO Mobility - Timetable and Planning - Stopplaces.
Properties
No properties have been defined for this entity.

StopPlace

Description
A stopping point represents a station, stop, port, airport or any other physical access point to the transport network.
Subclass of
InfrastructureElement, Site
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: accessibility, accessModes, centroid, containing, parentSite, placeType, polygon, publicCode, roadAdress, stopPlaceType, transportMode.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
accessibility Accessibility 0..* The overall accessibility characteristics of the stopping point.
accessModes AccessMode 0..* Access modes by which the stopping point can be accessed.
centroid Point 0..1 Centre of the stopping point.
containing Quay 0..* The platform as part of the stopping point.
parentSite Site 0..1 Parent site containing this stop.
placeType PlaceType 0..1 Categorisation of the stopping point.
polygon Polygon 0..1 Polygon associated with the stopping point.
publicCode LanguageString 0..1 Code used to identify a stopping point to the public as an alternative to a name.
roadAdress AddressRepresentation 0..1 Address of a numbered building on a named road.
stopPlaceType StoppingPlaceType 1 The type of stopping point
transportMode TransportMode 0..1 The main transport mode of the stopping point.

StopPost

Description
A stop post indicates the location where public transport, e.g. bus, tram or trolley, stops to allow passengers to board or alight.
Usage
Towards GRB skeletonisation detail - WPI1102 road signage public transport
Subclass of
InfrastructureElement
Properties
No properties have been defined for this entity.

StreetFurniture

Description
Street furniture is a diverse group of objects that generally stand in public space (both corridor and surplus area)
Usage
A full description can be found in OSLO Public Domain - Infrastructure Elements.
Properties
No properties have been defined for this entity.

Transfer

Description
Logical connection between two Route nodes.
Usage
Means to describe the transition between two Route segments if not represented by a Route segment itself. One can interchange between two same Route nodes (e.g. changing from one train to another at the same station) or between two different ones (e.g. interchanging from the station car parking to the station platforms).
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: meansOfTransport, propulsion, realisedAt, RouteNode (source), RouteNode (target), transferTime.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
meansOfTransport MeansOfTransport 0..1 Means of transport by which the Transfer is made. Usually on foot.
propulsion PropulsionType 0..1 Propulsion of the means of transport by which the Transfer is made. Link
realisedAt TransportConnection 0..1 Transport object with which the Route connection coincides. E.g. the stop where one changes between two metro lines, the address where one changes between two modes of transport.
RouteNode (source) RouteNode 1 Referentie naar verbonden klasse.
RouteNode (target) RouteNode 1 Referentie naar verbonden klasse.
transferTime Duration 0..1 Time in which the changeover takes place.

TransportConnection

Description
Logical connection between two or more Transport objects in different Transport Networks.
Subclass of
TransportObject
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: connects, identifier, type.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
connects TransportObject 2..* Network elements connected by the Connection.
identifier Identifier 0..1 Identifier of the Transport connection
type ConnectionType 1 Nature of the Transport connection

TransportHub

Description
Place where passengers and/or freight are exchanged between vehicles and/or modes of transport.
Usage
Examples for passenger transport are train stations, underground stations, bus stations, airports, ferry terminals, car parks... For freight transport it concerns typically airports, seaports, transhipment terminals. Transport hubs are typically intermodal, e.g. travellers combine the (shared) bicycle with the train for their trip, but intramodal transfers (e.g. from one bus line to another) are also important. Concretely, a Transport hub includes infrastructure (stations, car parks, charging infrastructure... ), (mobility) services (public transport lines, shared bicycles, shops... ) and nodes in transport networks (public transport stops, car sharing points... ).
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: accessibility, additionalService, brand, classification, infrastructureElement, location, roadAuthority, service, status, title, transportObject.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
accessibility Accessibility 0..* The accessibility of the Passenger Transport Hub.
additionalService AdditionalService 0..* The additional services connected to the Passenger Transport Hub.
brand BrandType 1 The brand of the Passenger Transport Hub. Example: Hoppinpoint, Mobipoint,...
classification PassengerTransportHubType 0..* The classification of the Passenger Transport Hub.
infrastructureElement InfrastructureElement 0..* The infrastructure element of the Passenger Transport Hub.
location Location 0..* The location of the Passenger Transport Hub.
roadAuthority Agent 0..* The road authority of the Passenger Transport Hub.
service MobilityService 0..* The mobility services connected to the Passenger Transport Hub.
status PassengerTransportHubStatus 0..1 The status of the Passenger Transport Hub.
title LanguageString 0..* The name of the Passenger Transport Hub.
transportObject TransportObject 0..* The transport object of the Passenger Transport Hub.

TransportNetwork

Description
Collection of Network elements representing the same mode of transport.
Usage
The transport mode is at least road, rail, air and water. Further subdivision into Transport Networks according to means of transport, drive type, service type is possible.
Subclass of
Network
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: geographicalName, type.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
geographicalName GeographicalName 1 Name of the Transport network.
type TransportType 1 Nature of the transport network according to the mode of transport.

TransportNode

Description
Significant position in the Transport Network that always coincides with the beginning or the end of a Transport Link.
Subclass of
TransportObject, Node
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: geometry, identifier, type.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
geometry Point 1 Location of the Transport node.
identifier Identifier 0..1 Identifier of the Transport node.
type TransportNodeType 1 Nature of the Transport Node

TransportObject

Description
Element in a Transport network that performs a function of importance therein.
Subclass of
NetworkElement
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: accessibility, availability, geographicalName, infrastructureElement, service, service, transportHub, transportNetwork.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
accessibility Accessibility 0..* Accessibility of the Transport object. E.g. whether the Transport object is accessible for persons with a disability.
availability Availability 0..1 Availability of the Transport object. E.g. opening hours
geographicalName GeographicalName 0..1 Name of the Transport object.
infrastructureElement InfrastructureElement 0..* The infrastructure elements connected to the transport object.
service AdditionalService 0..* The additional services associated with the transport object
service MobilityService 0..* The mobility services connected to the transport object.
transportHub TransportHub 0..* The transport hubs to which this transport object belongs.
transportNetwork TransportNetwork 0..* Transport network to which the transport object belongs.

TransportRegion

Description
Clusters of municipalities in which mobility is coordinated.
Subclass of
Place
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: geometry, locationName.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
geometry Geometry 0..1 Geometry of the place or area.
locationName GeographicalName 0..1 Name of the town or area.

Traveler

Description
Person who undertakes or wants to undertake a Trip.
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: isFellowTravelerOf, pseudonym, undertakes.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
isFellowTravelerOf Traveler 0..* Traveller who accompanies the Traveller on the Journey. E.g. the children of a family travelling together. Important e.g. when determining the price of a Ticket when young children travel free of charge.
pseudonym Pseudonym 1 Name of the Traveler which differs from his actual name. The aim is that the real identity of the Traveller can no longer be traced but that trip data can still be studied on an individual level.
undertakes Trip 0..* Trip that a Traveller undertakes or wants to undertake.

Trip

Description
Voluntary movement of a Person from one Location to another Location.
Usage
The trip may take place via other Locations. The Location where the trip starts can be the same as where the trip ends (e.g. round trip).
Properties
For this entity the following properties are defined: arrivalTime, chosenRoute, departureTime, executedRoute, itinerary, partOfTrip, possibleRoute.
Property Expected Range Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
arrivalTime DateTime 0..1 Sequence of Locations to be visited during the Trip. Usually only a departure or arrival time is specified
chosenRoute Route 0..* Route which the Passenger chooses from the possible Routes. Possibly more than 1 selected Route if the traveller changes Route on the way.
departureTime DateTime 0..1 Time at which the Trip ends or at which the Passenger would like it to end. Usually only a departure or arrival time is given.
executedRoute Route 0..1 Route finally implemented to realise the Trip. Actual time of arrival and departure, duration of journey, etc.
itinerary Location 2..* Sequence of Locations to be visited during the Trip. Including the Location where the Journey starts and ends.
partOfTrip Trip 0..* Part of a complete Trip that can also be considered a Trip in itself.
possibleRoute Route 0..* Routes that can be followed to perform the Trip.

UndergroundParking

Description
Parking garage that is located below the ground surface.
Subclass of
ParkingFacility
Properties
No properties have been defined for this entity.

VirtualNode

Description
Transport node that is dynamically created.
Usage
The place where a Trip is started usually does not coincide with an existing Transport node, for example it is the home of the Traveller located between two intersections. To still enter the network to start his Trip, the Traveller creates a Virtual Node on the link between these intersections. Virtual Nodes are important for a correct estimation of the travel time e.g. for route planning because the distance between the Virtual Node and the next real Transport Node must be added. Also important for example in free-floating partial transport where the position of the partial step does not necessarily coincide with that of an existing Transport Node.
Subclass of
TransportNode
Properties
No properties have been defined for this entity.

Datatypes

Accessibility

Description
Degree to which something can be accessed.
Usage
E.g. physical accessibility of a service or building for people with disabilities.
Properties
we have defined the following properties for this datatype: component, level, type.
Property Expects Type Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
component AccessibilityComponent 0..1 Part of the service or infrastructure to which Accessibility relates.
level AccessibilityLevel 1 Level of accessibility. Link
type AccessibilityType 1 Nature of the accessibility

AddressRepresentation

Description
More readable representation with only the basic data of the address, intended to use an address as attribute of another object.
Properties
we have defined the following properties for this datatype: boxNumber, country, houseNumber, municipalityName, postCode, streetName.
Property Expects Type Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
boxNumber String 0..1 Officially assigned alphanumeric code added to the house number to distinguish several building units, standing places, moorings or parcels sharing the same house number.
country LanguageString 0..1 Country where the address is located in.
houseNumber String 0..1 Alphanumeric code officially assigned to building units, moorings, standing places or parcels.
municipalityName LanguageString 0..1 Municipality name of the address.
postCode String 0..1 Code designating the geographical area that groups addresses for postal purposes.
streetName LanguageString 0..1 Street name of the address.

Availability

Description
Degree to which something is available for use.
Usage
E.g. hours when a service is offered or opening hours of a building.
Properties
we have defined the following properties for this datatype: openingHours, period, timetable, user.
Property Expects Type Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
openingHours TypedString 0..1 Hours on which something is available Syntax according to schema.org for opening hours. E.g. if contact can be made between 8 and 20h Monday to Saturday and between 8 and 18h on Sunday this is coded as Mon-Sat 08:00-20:00, Sun 08:00-18:00.
period OpeningHours 0..1 Period in which something is available. E.g. start date without end date for services that are still active or an indication of the season in which the services are offered. A completed end date indicates when the service was terminated. Start and end date according to ISO8601 syntax.
timetable Timetable 0..1 Schedule of times when something is offered.
user UserType 0..1 Type of user to which the availability applies.

Capacity

Description
Capacity of a civil structure.
Properties
we have defined the following properties for this datatype: maximum, total, vehicleType.
Property Expects Type Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
maximum Integer 0..1 Indicates the maximal value of the capacity.
total Integer 0..1 Indicates the capacity of a resource.
vehicleType VehicleType 0..1 Displays the vehicle types to which the capacity is linked.

ContactInformation

Description
Information like email, telephone, address that makes it possible to contact someone or something.
Usage
E.g. a person or organisation or a service... Possible forms of contact: calling, e-mailing etc. More detailed description in the AP OSLO-Generic.
Properties
There are no properties defined for this datatype.
Description
Link in either its positive or negative direction.
Properties
we have defined the following properties for this datatype: direction.
Property Expects Type Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
direction Sign 1 Indicates whether the direction of the link corresponds to its positive or negative direction.

GeographicalName

Description
Name assigned to or used for a geographical object.
Usage
To be implemented as Langstring.
Properties
There are no properties defined for this datatype.

Geometry

Description
Shape and position characteristics of an object.
Usage
Describes these features using points, lines, polygons and coordinates.
Properties
we have defined the following properties for this datatype: asGML, asWKT.
Property Expects Type Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
asGML TypedString 0..1 Geometry expressed in gml-format. Use http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#gmlLiteral as datatype.
asWKT TypedString 0..1 Geometry expressed in wkt-format. Use http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#wktLiteral as datatype.

Identifier

Description
Information used to uniquely identify an object.
Usage
The starting point here is that this string is allocated by an organisation and that this is done according to a well-defined system. More detailed description in the AP OSLO-Generic.
Properties
There are no properties defined for this datatype.

LanguageString

Description
Combination of a string and the language its contents are in.
Usage
E.g. 'Rue Mercator' as a string and 'fr' as a language. Implementable as Langstring.
Properties
There are no properties defined for this datatype.

Location

Description
A location can be an identifiable geographical location (ISO 19112), but this location can also be a non-geographical location, such as a directory, row or column. As such, there are numerous ways in which location can be expressed, such as d
Usage
To be used if the way in which the geographical position is indicated will only be determined during implementation. If this method is already known, Geometry, GeographicalName, Address etc. should be used immediately.
Properties
There are no properties defined for this datatype.

MonetaryAmount

Description
A monetary value or range.
Properties
There are no properties defined for this datatype.

OpeningHours

Description
The hours at which a service or contact is available.
Properties
There are no properties defined for this datatype.

Period

Description
More or less defined period of time.
Usage
Typically, the duration follows from the specification of the start and end time.
Properties
we have defined the following properties for this datatype: endTime, startTime.
Property Expects Type Cardinality Description Usage Codelist
endTime DateTime 0..1 End of the time period.
startTime DateTime 1 Start of the time period.

Point

Description
A 0-dimensional geometric object that represents a particular location in a coordinate space. Has an x-coordinate and a y-coordinate. Can also have a z-coordinate (height) and an m-coordinate (distance along a curve).
Subclass of
Geometry
Properties
There are no properties defined for this datatype.

Polygon

Description
Surface consisting of 1 outer boundary and 0 or more inner boundaries. Each internal boundary forms a hole in the polygon.
Usage
The boundaries are so-called linear rings, i.e. they are closed (not even intersecting) line strings. The outer boundary is distinguished from the inner boundary by the clockwise and counterclockwise directions in which the ring runs, respectively.
Subclass of
Geometry
Properties
There are no properties defined for this datatype.

RouteDescription

Description
Description of a route.
Usage
Typically the description as it would be shown in a Route Planner.
Properties
There are no properties defined for this datatype.

Timetable

Description
Planning in time and space of a service.
Properties
There are no properties defined for this datatype.

JSON-LD context

(non-normative)

A reusable JSON-LD context definition for this application profile is retrievable at: /doc/applicationprofile/mobility/passenger-transport-hubs/kandidaatstandaard/2022-07-11/context/OSLO-PassengerTransportHubs-AP_en.jsonld

SHACL template

(non-normative)

A reusable SHACL template for this application profile is retrievable at: /doc/applicationprofile/mobility/passenger-transport-hubs/kandidaatstandaard/2022-07-11/shacl/OSLO-PassengerTransportHubs-AP_en-SHACL.ttl